The clown or jester character is called vidushaka. Surprisingly, he may even be a highborn Brahman. He also took an active role in the actual performance by introducing the actors and the play to the audience, in the prologue, and often guiding and commenting upon the flow of the story. The language of Shakuntala , as well as other Sanskrit dramas, is characterised by the blending of classical Sanskrit with local Prakrit languages. The characters of the Sanskrit dramas are types rather than individuals. You have to be a member in order to post comments.

It addresses acting , dance , music , dramatic construction , architecture , costuming , make-up , props , the organisation of companies, the audience, competitions, and offers a mythological account of the origin of theatre. He popularised Koodiyattam and rejuvenated the only surviving Sanskrit drama theatre in India. The clown or jester character is called vidushaka. An attempt to reconstruct a Sanskrit farce in the s Sakari Viika. India also has an old and long-lasting tradition of full-length poetic plays, which are called Sanskrit Dramas because they were written mainly in Sanskrit. The play was made into a Hindi movie Utsav , directed by Girish Karnad.

Manuscripts of 13 plays written by him were discovered in an old library in Thiruvananthapuram Trivandrum in by the scholar Ganapati Sastri. Sanskrit theatre was performed on sacred ground by priests who had been trained in the necessary skills dance, music, and recitation in an hereditary process.

Sutradhara means something in HinduismSanskrit, Marathi. It is even possible that the Sanskrit dramas influenced the development of Chinese theatre during the times when the contacts were most active. At the end, he appeared again to deliver the bharatavakya i.

It was the first to be translated into English and German. He is analogous to a modern director, stage manager, and producer. Certain sentiments were considered inappropriate for men to enact, however, and were thought better suited to women. Thus he held the centre of activities while keeping his presence in the background.

Sūtra-dhāra | Indian drama narrator |

A reconstruction of a wooden theatre house according to the instructions of the NatyashastraChennai Jukka O. It is believed that he belonged to the priestly Brahman caste and that he lived in North India at some time during the late 4 th to mid 5 th centuries AD, that is, during the classical Gupta Period.


The last was inspired by a story in the Mahabharata and is the most famous. Many of the Sanskrit dramas include stage directions, which seem to support the above hypothesis. Sutravhara basic sanskrut of this lyric, fairytale-like play in seven acts is derived from the Mahabharata.

As is the case with most of the Sanskrit dramatists, very little is known about the life of Kalidasa, the most celebrated poet in the history of India. The problem, however, with this genre is that the plays are almost impossible to date sutdadhara.

In the play, he could impersonate a character, but also voiced aloud their inner thoughts or feelings whenever those were not revealed explicitly. Some scholars argue that the term originated in ancient art of puppetry in a very literal sense as ‘string-puller’.

Indian classical drama

A History of Sanskrit Literature. Surprisingly, he may even be a highborn Brahman.

Theatre in Your Life. This runs through and holds together the various incidents in a play. This also means that very little is known about the lives of their authors.

The time period of composition is prior to C. The main types of character include the noble hero, nayakaoften a eutradhara or a king, and the heroine, nayika. As a token of his love, the king gives Shakuntala a ring.

It is also one of the very first Sanskrit works ever translated into English. In Baumer and Brandonxvii-xx. Dfama clown or jester character is called vidushaka. They also indicate that some stage props may have been used.

Later, he developed into various denominations as director, narrator, singer, reciter, or commentator in theatrical forms all over India. Ratnavali is a complicated intrigue set in harem by dutradhara poet Harsha, while Bhavabhuti is known for his Ramayana -derived play, The Latter Story of Ramaand a love story, Malati and Madhava.

It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe. The tradition sutradhsra maintained for nearly 1 years, which makes it the longest continuous performing tradition of any drama texts in the world.

While visiting the heavens, xrama king meets Shakuntala and their son and they are finally reunited synopsis of the play Shakuntala. Shakuntala tells about the love of King Dusyanta and a beautiful girl, Shakuntala, who is the foster daughter of a forest hermit and, in fact, of semi-divine origin.


The villain of the play is called pratinayaka. Ancient Egyptian Akkadian Sumerian. Sanskrit plays were very popular and were staged in ancient times all over India.

The Pali suttas ranging in date from the 5th to 3rd centuries BCE refer to the existence of troupes of actors led by a chief actorwho performed dramas on a stage. The Recognition of Shakuntalaor more often just Shakuntalais regarded as the epitome sansskrit Sanskrit dramas. Pen down your remark and talk about the past and present of Indian movies and entertainment here. Ninth edition, International edition.

He was supposed to have expert knowledge of all aspects of theatre. The troupes included various professionals, from minor actors to make-up assistants, stage technicians, musicians and the conductor of the orchestra. India also has an old and long-lasting tradition of full-length poetic plays, which are called Sanskrit Dramas because they were written mainly in Sanskrit. Name of a sacred Saanskrit is possible, however, that different types of dramas employed different acting styles.

He is said to have written the following three plays: U of Hawaii P. The best known is a kind of political romance called The Vision of Vasavadatta.

Its publication was a sensation and it went into five editions during two decades. The earliest Sanskrit plays were written in the early centuries AD and they gradually ceased to be performed at some time during the 15 th century, when Sanskrit was no longer a living, spoken language, and the Muslims had invaded northern Ddama, where the tradition had been thriving.

The term Indian classical drama refers to the tradition of dramatic literature and performance in ancient India. It invited widespread admiration when staged in New York in In other projects Wikisource.